Which teeth are involved in aggressive periodontitis?

Localized Aggressive Periodontitis (LAP) is a rare form of inflammatory periodontal disease characterized by a rapid rate of progression, dramatic attachment and bone loss, on very specific teeth (first molars and incisors), and an early age of onset1,2.
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What causes aggressive periodontitis?

Etiology Aggressive periodontitis is a multifactorial and genetically complex disease. An increase in host susceptibility may be caused by the combined effect of genetic Page 3 predisposition, environmental factors (virulent pathogens, tobacco smoking, personal and professional hygiene) and local contributing factors.
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What are some characteristics of aggressive periodontitis?

Abstract. Aggressive periodontitis is a destructive disease characterized by the following: the involvement of multiple teeth with a distinctive pattern of periodontal tissue loss; a high rate of disease progression; an early age of onset; and the absence of systemic diseases.
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Which part of the mouth does periodontal disease affect?

Periodontal diseases are mainly the result of infections and inflammation of the gums and bone that surround and support the teeth. In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums can become swollen and red, and they may bleed.
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What part of the dental anatomy is involved in periodontitis?

Periodontitis occurs when the junctional epithelium and periodontal attachment move apically along the tooth root. Alveolar bone also resorbs towards the apex of the tooth during the disease process.
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Aggressive Periodontitis. What is Aggressive Periodontitis?Types, Features and treatment in detail.

Which teeth have periodontal ligaments?

PDL Purpose

The periodontal ligament is only found between the tooth root and adjacent bone and does not support the outer gum tissues. The complex nature of the PDL tissue allows the tooth to properly function during chewing and to withstand the pressure from grinding or clenching.
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What is the most common periodontal disease?

Gingivitis. Gingivitis is the mildest and most common form of periodontitis. This condition is caused by the toxins in plaque, and can escalate to more severe forms of periodontal disease.
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Is aggressive periodontitis painful?

The bacterial inflammation causes teeth to lose support. Eventually the teeth will become loose and fall out. Sometimes the infection becomes so severe that it can cause a tooth abscess. This can be quite painful.
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What are the 4 stages of periodontal disease?

Know The 4 Stages of Gum Disease
  • 1: Gingivitis. The first stage of gum disease is Gingivitis or gums inflammation, without loss of bone. ...
  • Stage 2: Initial Periodontitis. ...
  • Stage 3: Mild Periodontitis. ...
  • Stage 4: Progressive Periodontitis.
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Which of the following are the two basic forms of periodontal disease?

There are two types of periodontal disease – gingivitis and periodontitis.
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What is the difference between aggressive and chronic periodontitis?

1. In chronic periodontitis, there is no well-defined pattern of bone loss. In generalized aggressive periodontitis, most permanent teeth are affected. In localized aggressive periodontitis, there is no agreement on the number of teeth included, but in one case series, about three to six teeth were included.
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What is molar incisor pattern periodontitis?

MIP, as the name suggests, affects incisors and first molars of adolescents and young adults associated to minimal plaque and rapid rate of progression (Fine et al., 2019). Genetic characteristics and high incidence of MIP in members of the same family support a strong familial aggregation (Meng et al., 2007).
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What causes molar incisor pattern periodontitis?

The most common causative organisms associated with periodontal diseases are Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Bacteroides forsythus, Campylobacter rectus, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, and the treponemes (Carranza's Clinical Periodontology, 2006).
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Which of the following are signs of aggressive periodontitis?

Signs and symptoms of periodontitis can include:
  • Swollen or puffy gums.
  • Bright red, dusky red or purplish gums.
  • Gums that feel tender when touched.
  • Gums that bleed easily.
  • Pink-tinged toothbrush after brushing.
  • Spitting out blood when brushing or flossing your teeth.
  • Bad breath.
  • Pus between your teeth and gums.
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What is localized aggressive periodontitis?

INTRODUCTION. Localized Aggressive Periodontitis (LAP) is a rare form of inflammatory periodontal disease characterized by a rapid rate of progression, dramatic attachment and bone loss, on very specific teeth (first molars and incisors), and an early age of onset1,2.
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How is localized aggressive periodontitis diagnosed?

Periodontology Diagnosis - Localized Aggressive Periodontitis
  1. Diastema formation with a disto-labial incisor migration.
  2. Increased level of mobility on the impacted teeth.
  3. Sensitivity from the exposed root.
  4. A dull and pain which radiates to the jaw.
  5. Periodontal abscess in addition to an enlargement of the lymph nodes.
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What is Stage 3 periodontal?

Stage 3: Advanced Periodontitis

In this final stage, periodontitis has been left untreated and has become advanced periodontitis. Bacteria that was allowed to grow, spread, and cause destruction has destroyed the connective tissues and bones that support the teeth.
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What are the 5 stages of periodontal disease?

5 Stages of Gum Disease: Spotting the Signs to Get Treatment in...
  • First Signs. In the very early stages of gum disease, your teeth will seem basically healthy. ...
  • Gingivitis. ...
  • Early Periodontitis. ...
  • Moderate Periodontitis. ...
  • Advanced Periodontitis.
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What is the first stage of periodontal disease?

Gingivitis – Early Stage of Gum Disease.
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Can aggressive periodontitis be cured?

Aggressive periodontitis, like other forms of periodontitis, can be stopped, although sometimes it causes damage that can't be completely repaired. There is no single treatment that always works.
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What is the prognosis for aggressive periodontitis?

Generalized aggressive periodontitis results in rapid destruction of the periodontium and can lead to early tooth loss in the affected individuals if not diagnosed early and treated appropriately.
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Can periodontitis cause jaw pain?

Gum disease, also known as periodontitis, can also cause jaw pain. Like an untreated cavity, gum tissue will become infected with gum disease with spreads causing mild to severe jaw pain.
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Which of the following is the most reliable indicator of periodontal disease?

Which of the following is the most reliable indicator of periodontal disease? The alveolar crest is flattening out.
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What is the main cause of periodontal disease?

Overview. Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. It's typically caused by poor brushing and flossing habits that allow plaque—a sticky film of bacteria—to build up on the teeth and harden.
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What are the classification of periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease can be grouped as periodontitis, necrotizing periodon- titis, and periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic conditions. An assessment of the periodontal status of pediatric patients should be part of a routine dental visit and oral examination.
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