What is clenched fist syndrome?

Abstract. The clenched fist syndrome is an entity in which the patient keeps one or both hands tightly clenched. It is seen in all groups; hand dominance or compensation is not a factor. It usually follows a minor inciting incident and is associated with swelling, pain, and paradoxical stiffness.
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What is a clenched fist a symptom of?

The Clenched Fist Syndrome (CFS) is a type of a psychiatric disorder, in which the patients show flexion finger contractures. Although no organic etiology can be identified, the syndrome in most cases presents with pain and paradoxical stiffness.
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What causes involuntary fist clenching?

Underlying Medical Conditions. Epilepsy, rheumatoid arthritis, and schizophrenia have all been linked with causing clenched fists, however these conditions present during the daytime as well as at night. And although bruxism has been tied to sleep apnea, no link has yet been made between sleep apnea and fist clenching.
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How do you treat clenched fist syndrome?

Here are the methods commonly used to treat a clenched hand after stroke:
  1. Hand Splints. Quick tip: Hand splints are a great starting point because they help prevent contractures from worsening. ...
  2. Hand Therapy Exercises. ...
  3. Passive Exercise. ...
  4. Botox. ...
  5. Progressive, Combination Therapy.
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How can I stop clenching my hands when I sleep?

Avoid laying on your arms under your pillow, which can compress nerves. Make sure your wrists remain unflexed, since flexing can lead to tingling. If you often sleep on your back with your arms overhead, try keeping them next to you to reduce nerve pinching. Try stretching your hands and wrists before going to sleep.
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FND Symptoms: Dystonia (clenched hand)

Why is my hand closing by itself?

Hand dystonia is a focal dystonia characterized by excessive, involuntary muscle contractions in the fingers, hand, forearm, and sometimes shoulder. Symptoms usually appear when a person is doing a task that requires fine motor coordination of hand and arm muscles.
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How is hand dystonia treated?

Segmental or generalized dystonia may also start as FHD, so a detailed clinical assessment is required, which should be supplemented by relevant investigations. Treatment includes oral medications, injection botulinum toxin, neurosurgery including neurostimulation, and rehabilitation.
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Is dystonia a symptom of Parkinson's?

Dystonia can be a symptom of Parkinson's and some other diseases and is a movement disorder on its own. Painful, prolonged muscle contractions cause abnormal movements and postures, such as a foot turning inward or the head tilting sideways.
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What is the life expectancy of someone with dystonia?

For the overwhelming majority, dystonia does not shorten life expectancy and is not fatal. In severe generalized dystonia that affects many body areas, problems can arise that are secondary to the dystonia and require emergency care.
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What is the best medication for dystonia?

Anticholinergic agents are generally the most successful oral medications for the treatment of dystonia, with trihexyphenidyl being the most commonly used agent.
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Is dystonia a serious condition?

Torsion dystonia is a very rare disorder. It affects the entire body and seriously disables the person who has it. Symptoms generally appear in childhood and get worse as the person ages. Researchers have found that torsion dystonia is possibly inherited, caused by a mutation in the gene DYT1.
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Does dystonia go away?

There's no cure for dystonia, but the condition can usually be effectively managed. Treatment will vary, depending on the type of dystonia you have and the precise nature of your symptoms.
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Is dystonia a neurological disorder?

Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder that results in unwanted muscle contractions or spasms. The involuntary twisting, repetitive motions, or abnormal postures associated with dystonia can affect anyone at any age.
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How is hand dystonia diagnosed?

How does a doctor diagnose focal dystonia? At your appointment, your doctor will ask about your medical history, activities, and medications that you take. They will also perform an examination of the affected body part. The symptoms of focal dystonia can often mimic those of overuse injuries, such as carpal tunnel.
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What is dystonia of the hand?

Other names: Focal hand dystonia / Writer's cramp / Musician's cramp / Musician's dystonia. Type: Focal. Focal hand dystonia is a neurological movement disorder characterised by continuous or intermittent muscle contractions which cause abnormal, often painful, repetitive movements in the hand/s or arm/s.
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What does focal dystonia look like?

Symptoms vary according to the type of focal dystonia. The early symptoms may include a loss of precision in muscle coordination. For example, the individual may first notice increasing difficulty in using a pen. They may also regularly experience small injuries to the hand and might become more likely to drop items.
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What is dystonia and its symptoms?

What is dystonia? Dystonia is a disorder characterized by involuntary muscle contractions that cause slow repetitive movements or abnormal postures. The movements may be painful, and some individuals with dystonia may have a tremor or other neurological symptoms.
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Does dystonia show on MRI?

Researchers at Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts Eye and Ear have developed a unique diagnostic tool that can detect dystonia from MRI scans—the first technology of its kind to provide an objective diagnosis of the disorder.
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What medications cause dystonia?

Neuroleptics (antipsychotics), antiemetics, and antidepressants are the most common causes of drug-induced dystonic reactions. Acute dystonic reactions have been described with every antipsychotic.
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Can anxiety cause dystonia?

However, psychogenic dystonia can occur with or without psychological symptoms. Furthermore, other forms of dystonia are often accompanied by psychological symptoms such as anxiety and depression.
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Does dystonia worsen with age?

Generally, dystonia does not worsen or progress to other areas. Additional symptoms that have been reported include panic attacks, anxiety, depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Onset is usually during childhood or adolescence. Most cases of myoclonus-dystonia are caused by mutations in the SGCE gene.
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How do you get dystonia?

Dystonia may be inherited, acquired, or idiopathic (no known cause). Inherited disorders are transmitted genetically. In acquired forms, dystonia is caused by damage or degeneration of the brain (e.g. after a brain injury or stroke) or exposure to particular drugs.
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What foods help dystonia?

There is no known correlation between dystonia and diet. Generally speaking, individuals with dystonia should have a nutritious diet sufficient in calories, considering the amount of muscle activity experienced throughout the day. Stimulants such as nicotine and caffeine may make symptoms worse.
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Are you born with dystonia?

Some children are born with dystonia. Dystonia may also appear as a child or an adult gets older.
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Can you drive with dystonia?

Dystonias: Dystonias prevent from performing the necessary movements when driving, so it is not recommended. In secondary dystonias, if the etiological treatment is satisfactory, the symptoms will disappear and the patient may drive, with a specialist's report in this regard.
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