What happens when a diabetic doesn't drink enough water?
Quite simply, when you don't drink enough water, the glucose in your bloodstream becomes more concentrated.And that leads to higher blood sugar levels
blood sugar levels
The global mean fasting plasma blood glucose level in humans is about 5.5 mmol/L (100 mg/dL); however, this level fluctuates throughout the day. Blood sugar levels for those without diabetes and who are not fasting should be below 6.9 mmol/L (125 mg/dL).
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Blood_sugar_level
For people with type 2 diabetes, dehydration can be especially dangerous. That's because it causes blood pressure to fall and the body to secrete stress hormones, like norepinephrine and epinephrine, which may raise blood sugar, Rizza explains.
Dehydration can be treated by taking on board fluids. Water is ideal because it has no additional sugar. If dehydration is more severe, and you require medical help, you may be given additional electrolytes (salts) which may be lost from the body through dehydration.
When the kidneys aren't up to the job, much of that glucose is eliminated from the body through your urine. This process also flushes out valuable hydrating fluids from your body, often leaving people with diabetes peeing frequently as well as dehydrated.
Diabetes can cause cloudy urine when too much sugar builds up in your urine. Your urine may also smell sweet or fruity. Diabetes can also lead to kidney complications or increase risk of infections of the urinary tract, both of which can also make your urine appear cloudy.
What does it feel like when your blood sugar is too high?
Hyperglycemia (high blood glucose) means there is too much sugar in the blood because the body lacks enough insulin. Associated with diabetes, hyperglycemia can cause vomiting, excessive hunger and thirst, rapid heartbeat, vision problems and other symptoms.
Drinking water is another excellent way to help reverse prediabetes and prevent type 2 diabetes. Water helps control blood glucose levels, and it's also a healthy substitute for sodas and fruit juices. Those beverages are typically high in sugar.
For diabetics, drinking water can help to reduce your blood sugar (glucose) levels by diluting the amount of sugar in the bloodstream. Adequate intake of water also helps to alleviate the dehydration that comes with excess urination caused by high glucose levels, a mechanism we explain earlier.
The fat-burning process creates a buildup of acids in your blood called ketones, which leads to DKA if untreated. Fruity-smelling breath is a sign of high levels of ketones in someone who already has diabetes. It's also one of the first symptoms that doctors look for when they check for DKA.
Most people urinate four to seven times in a day. If you are making more trips to the bathroom, especially waking multiple times at night to go, it may be a sign that your kidneys are working overtime to flush out excess sugar in your blood.
The fastest way to cure dehydration is to take an oral rehydration solution and treat the underlying cause of fluid loss. With mild or moderate dehydration, drinking plenty of fluids should be enough to replenish your fluids.
What happens if you don't drink enough water long term?
Prolonged or repeated bouts of dehydration can cause urinary tract infections, kidney stones and even kidney failure. Seizures. Electrolytes — such as potassium and sodium — help carry electrical signals from cell to cell.
High levels of ketones cause the blood to become more acidic, a condition known as diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Ketoacidosis can make you very sick if you don't get help. Go to the ER or call 911 right away if you have symptoms of ketoacidosis like: nausea and vomiting.
Symptoms include sunken eyes, rapid breathing, headache, muscle aches, severe dehydration, weak peripheral pulses, nausea, stomach pain and cramping, vomiting, semi or unconsciousness, cerebral edema, coma and death. DKA is a horrendously painful way to die.
Gatorade, for example, has a glycemic index of 89. That's high. A GI score of 89 means that Gatorade is rapidly digested, absorbed, and metabolized, which results in significant blood sugar fluctuations. Something that can be problematic for people with diabetes who should avoid substantial changes in blood glucose.
A diabetic coma could happen when your blood sugar gets too high -- 600 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or more -- causing you to become very dehydrated. It usually affects people with type 2 diabetes that isn't well-controlled. It's common among those who are elderly, chronically ill, and disabled.
The risk for people with T1D is a quick death from DKA (insulin deficiency exacerbated by illness, stress, and dehydration). “It only takes days to progress, and it is worsening over a day or two or three — so that gets you a week or so plus/minus, outside maybe 2 weeks,” Kaufman explains.