What are 4 types of meningitis?
- Bacterial Meningitis. Meningitis caused by bacteria can be deadly and requires immediate medical attention. ...
- Viral Meningitis. Meningitis caused by viruses is serious but often is less severe than bacterial meningitis. ...
- Fungal Meningitis. ...
- Parasitic Meningitis. ...
- Amebic Meningitis. ...
- Non-Infectious Meningitis.
How many different types of meningitis are there?
There are actually five types of meningitis — bacterial, viral, parasitic, fungal, and non-infectious — each classified by the cause of the disease.
What is the most serious type of meningitis?
Bacterial meningitis, the most serious form of meningitis, can also be contagious, especially if it's meningococcal meningitis.
Are there different types of meningitis?
Viral meningitis is the most common type of meningitis, followed by bacterial meningitis. Rarer types of meningitis include chemical and fungal meningitis. The most common types of bacterial meningitis are meningococcal, pneumococcal, TB, group B streptococcal and E.
What are the four main causes of meningitis infection?
Viral infections are the most common cause of meningitis, followed by bacterial infections and, rarely, fungal and parasitic infections.
Meningitis - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
How do people get meningitis?
Meningitis is an inflammation (swelling) of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. A bacterial or viral infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord usually causes the swelling. However, injuries, cancer, certain drugs, and other types of infections also can cause meningitis.
What are signs of meningitis in adults?
Symptoms of meningitis
- a high temperature (fever)
- being sick.
- a headache.
- a rash that does not fade when a glass is rolled over it (but a rash will not always develop)
- a stiff neck.
- a dislike of bright lights.
- drowsiness or unresponsiveness.
- seizures (fits)
What's the difference between meningitis and meningitis B?
Meningococcal group B disease (also known as meningitis B) is an uncommon but serious disease that is caused by a bacterial infection of the lining of the brain and spinal cord. It can also cause a severe infection of the blood called meningococcal septicemia.
Which is worse viral or bacterial meningitis?
Viral meningitis is more common, but bacterial meningitis is more serious. It can lead to brain damage, paralysis, or stroke. In some cases, it can be fatal.
What are 3 treatments of meningitis?
Acute bacterial meningitis must be treated immediately with intravenous antibiotics and sometimes corticosteroids. This helps to ensure recovery and reduce the risk of complications, such as brain swelling and seizures. The antibiotic or combination of antibiotics depends on the type of bacteria causing the infection.
What are the long term side effects of meningitis?
Possible long-term complications include:
- speech problems.
- issues with memory.
- loss of coordination.
- learning difficulties.
- hearing loss.
- vision loss.
- hydrocephalus, which is a buildup of fluid in the brain.
What can be mistaken for meningitis?
Neurosarcoidosis — a rare form of sarcoidosis affecting the central nervous system — can be misdiagnosed as meningitis because of similarities in neurological symptoms, a case study from Mexico reports. Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes, called meninges, that surround and protect the brain and spinal cord.
How long does it take to recover from meningitis?
Recovery. If you are diagnosed with viral meningitis, you will usually find that symptoms improve within a few days and most recover fully after one to four weeks. It is common for you to experience tiredness for a longer period following this.
What are the types of viral meningitis?
- Mumps virus.
- Herpesviruses, including Epstein-Barr virus, herpes simplex viruses, and varicella-zoster virus (which causes chickenpox and shingles)
- Measles virus.
- Influenza virus.
- Arboviruses, such as West Nile virus.
- Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus.
Which type of meningitis is contagious?
Both are contagious. Meningococcal bacteria can't survive outside the body for long, so you're unlikely to get it from being near someone who has it. Prolonged close contact with an infected person may increase risk of transmission.
What is viral meningitis called?
Viral meningitis, also known as aseptic meningitis, is a type of meningitis due to a viral infection. It results in inflammation of the meninges (the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord).
How can you tell if meningitis is bacterial or viral?
The clues that the doctor uses are the levels of white cells, protein and glucose in the CSF. Typically in bacterial meningitis the white cell count is much higher than in viral meningitis (and is a different type of white cell), the protein is much higher and the glucose is much lower than in viral meningitis.
Can a person recover from meningitis?
Bacterial meningitis is serious. Some people with the infection die and death can occur in as little as a few hours. However, most people recover from bacterial meningitis. Those who do recover can have permanent disabilities, such as brain damage, hearing loss, and learning disabilities.
Where is a meningitis headache located?
The headache is generalized all over the head. Drowsiness and confusion may be present in the more severe cases. Seizures are rare in meningitis, but common in encephalitis which is an infection of the brain tissue. The onset of the headache and fever usually occurs quite rapidly.
What happens if you get meningitis B?
The bacteria that cause meningitis B can also cause septicemia, a bloodstream infection also known as blood poisoning. When not treated swiftly, meningitis B can cause serious complications, including deafness, the need for amputation, and death. Some people experience severe side effects or death even when treated.
What is the difference between bacterial meningitis and meningococcal meningitis?
What is the difference between bacterial meningococcal disease and viral meningitis? Bacterial meningococcal disease, including meningococcal meningitis, usually has a more sudden onset and is a more severe illness than viral meningitis.
Can adults get meningitis B?
[Dr. Friedland VO] Well, anybody can get meningitis, but teenagers and young adults have higher rates of infection with meningitis group B. For college students, there are increased risks that include living in close quarters, sharing things like food and drinks, and kissing.
Where does neck hurt with meningitis?
Meningitis can cause a stiff neck. This is because it causes inflammation and infection in the meninges surrounding the brain and spine. A person will likely feel the stiffness from the inflammation most noticeably in their neck, which is the most mobile area that the meninges cover.
What kind of brain damage does meningitis cause?
The disease can also occur when certain bacteria invade the meninges directly. Bacterial meningitis can cause stroke, hearing loss, and permanent brain damage.
What does the start of meningitis feel like?
The first symptoms are usually fever, vomiting, headache and feeling unwell. Limb pain, pale skin, and cold hands and feet often appear earlier than the rash, neck stiffness, dislike of bright lights and confusion. Septicaemia can occur with or without meningitis.