Was Alan Turing a genius?

Turing was a brilliant mathematician, before he'd even earned a Master's Degree he wrote probably the second-most-important academic paper of the 20th century – second only to Albert Einstein's paper on General Relativity.
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What was Alan Turing s IQ?

Turing reportedly had an IQ of 185 but in many ways he was a typical teenager. Turing's report card from Sherborne School in Dorset, England notes his weakness in English and French studies.
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What is so special about Alan Turing?

Key facts. Often considered the father of modern computer science, Alan Turing was famous for his work developing the first modern computers, decoding the encryption of German Enigma machines during the second world war, and detailing a procedure known as the Turing Test, forming the basis for artificial intelligence.
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How did Alan Turing's life come to an end?

In 1954, he was found dead from cyanide poisoning. An inquest ruled that it was suicide. The legacy of Alan Turing's life and work did not fully come to light until long after his death.
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Did Alan Turing actually invent the computer?

“Turing invented computer science and the idea of the computer, and John von Neumann built the first stored-program computer.”
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Alan Turing | A Genius With A Complex Personal Life

Who cracked Enigma?

British mathematician Alan Turing, who helped crack Nazi Germany's 'Enigma' code and laid the groundwork for modern computing, was pardoned on Tuesday, six decades after his conviction for homosexuality is said to have driven him to suicide.
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What drugs was Alan Turing?

When Turing was convicted for gross indecency, the British government forced him to choose between chemical castration and imprisonment; he chose castration, which meant taking estrogen pills. The pills made him impotent and grow breasts.
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Did Einstein meet Turing?

In 1928, aged 16, Turing encountered Albert Einstein's work; not only did he grasp it, but it is possible that he managed to deduce Einstein's questioning of Newton's laws of motion from a text in which this was never made explicit.
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Is Apple logo based on Turing?

Apple's logo and name, thanks to the company's astronomic success, are now completely mythologised. There are seemingly endless theories as to how Apple was named, such as a tribute to Alan Turing which Jobs said he “[wished]” was the reason.
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How long would it take to crack Enigma today?

A young man named Alan Turing designed a machine called a Bombe, judged by many to be the foundation of modern computing. What might take a mathematician years to complete by hand, took the Bombe just 15 hours. (Modern computers would be able to crack the code in several minutes).
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Did Turing break Enigma?

As early as 1943 Turing's machines were cracking a staggering total of 84,000 Enigma messages each month - two messages every minute. Turing personally broke the form of Enigma that was used by the U-boats preying on the North Atlantic merchant convoys. It was a crucial contribution.
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Are Turing machines still used today?

Turing machines are still used today in computer science as a research and teaching tool, as it's a simple way to model what happens in a CPU.
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How many lives did Alan Turing save?

It is estimated that Turing's work shortened the war by two years and saved 14 million lives.
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What was Einstein's IQ level?

2. Albert Einstein. Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist and philosopher of science whose estimated IQ scores range from 205 to 225 by different measures. He is best known for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2 which has been called the world's most famous equation.
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Who has the highest IQ ever?

Marilyn vos Savant's intelligence quotient (IQ) score of 228, one of the highest ever recorded, brought the St.
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Why is the Apple symbol half bitten?

Software giant Google also made a significant change to its logo in 2015 as well as in the logo of its operating system Android. Many also claim that the bite in the logo of Apple was to create a buzz among computer enthusiasts as it rhymes with a byte, a unit for data in the computing and telecommunication segment.
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Has Alan Turing pardoned?

Turing himself was pardoned posthumously through the royal prerogative of mercy under David Cameron in 2013, but contrary to the requests of some campaigners including Leech, the Astronomer Royal Martin Rees and the activist and journalist Peter Tatchell, his pardon was not immediately followed by pardons for anyone ...
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Why is the Apple bitten on iphones?

According to Apple Explained (opens in new tab), Janoff put the bite in the Apple because without it, people found it hard to identify as an apple. In fact, the logo was often confused with a cherry (see below).
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Was Claude Shannon a genius?

He's the most important genius you've never heard of, a man whose intellect was on par with Albert Einstein and Isaac Newton. We spent five years with him. It's not an exaggeration to say that, during that period, we spent more time with the deceased Claude Shannon than we have with many of our living friends.
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Was Christopher Morcom real?

Christopher Morcom (Jack Bannon)

Although many of the details are invented for the movie, the gist of this storyline is true: Turing really did befriend and develop romantic feelings for a boy named Christopher Morcom at Sherborne School, the boys' school in Dorset that he attended as a teenager.
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Did Churchill put Turing in charge?

Turing did not write by himself to Churchill and get himself put in charge. He wrote with others and asked for more resources.
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Did a woman help break Enigma?

Joan Clarke's ingenious work as a codebreaker during WW2 saved countless lives, and her talents were formidable enough to command the respect of some of the greatest minds of the 20th Century, despite the sexism of the time.
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How did Turing's machine work?

Turing's attack was based on the use of 'cribs' (comparing patterns of the encrypted message and a known portion of plain text) to break the key. This approach was aided by the fact that no letter on the Enigma could be represented by itself in an enciphered message.
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Is Enigma still unbreakable?

The key to the individual code was sent in the first characters of the message, coded in the base code. This created over 53 billion possible combinations, changing every 24 hours. Because of this, the machine was widely considered unbreakable.
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