Was Simon of Cyrene African?

The Holy Father offered a beautiful reflection on Simon of Cyrene, the man identified as an African in the Gospel accounts, who helped Jesus carry his cross on the way to his crucifixion.
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What is the race of Simon of Cyrene?

The film The Passion of the Christ portrays Simon as a Jew who, having been forced by the Romans to carry the cross, is initially unwilling but comes to show compassion to Jesus and helps him.
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Who was the black man that helped Jesus with the cross?

The New Testament refers to a number of black people as well, including Simon of Cyrene, who carried Jesus' cross (Matthew 27:32), and the Ethiopian eunuch, the emissary of Queen Kandake (or Candace), who is thought to be one of the first non-Jewish people baptized (Acts 8:26-40) after Jesus' crucifixion.
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Why was Simon of Cyrene in Jerusalem?

Simon, visiting Jerusalem for Passover, is suddenly pulled from the crowd in the streets and demanded to carry the cross of Jesus Christ up to Mt. Golgotha. Compelled to carry the cross and full of hatred and revenge over the death of his wife at the hands of Roman soldiers, Simon reluctantly yields to the task.
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Where is Cyrene in Africa?

Cyrene was an ancient Greek city on the North African coast near present-day Shahhat, a town located in north-eastern Libya. The precise location of the ancient city was thirteen kilometres from the coast. Cyrene is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
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How far did Simon of Cyrene travel to Jerusalem?

Please enable it in your browser settings. “How far to Jerusalem, Father?” “Rufus, it is about 37 miles. And, we have to walk. I wish we had more money to buy a donkey, but we must save it to purchase land for a home.”
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What happened to the gold frankincense and myrrh?

An alternative tradition holds that Mary and Joseph used the gold to pay for the stable, the frankincense to perfume it and the myrrh as an ointment for the new-born baby.
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Who was Simon in the Bible?

Simon the Leper, previously miraculously healed by Jesus of leprosy, host of a meal for Jesus in Bethany (Matthew 26:6, Mark 14:3, see Anointing of Jesus) Simon the Pharisee, host of a meal for Jesus somewhere in Galilee (Luke 7:36, see Anointing of Jesus).
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What does cyrenian mean?

Cyrenian (plural Cyrenians) A native or inhabitant of Cyrene. One of a school of philosophers established at Cyrene by Aristippus, a disciple of Socrates, with doctrines nearly the same as those of the Epicureans.
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Who were Alexander and Rufus in the Bible?

Rufus ("Red") was a first-century Christian mentioned in Mark 15:21 with his brother Alexander, whose father "Simon a Cyrenian" was compelled to help carry the cross on which the Lord Jesus Christ was crucified.
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Where is Cyprus mentioned in the Bible?

The book of Acts records that Cypriots were influential in the growth of Christianity in the church of Antioch (Acts 11). Paul and Barnabas traveled to Cyprus to share the gospel message throughout the whole island (Acts 13).
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Was there a fourth wise man in the Bible?

The story expands the account of the Biblical Magi, recounted in the Gospel of Matthew. It tells about a "fourth" wise man, a priest of the Magi named Artaban, from Persia. Like the other Magi, he sees signs in the heavens that a King had been born among the Jews.
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What happened to the wisemen?

In the Book of Matthew, the magi stopped at Herod's palace on their way to Bethlehem, and the king asked them to let him know where this newborn babe was, so that “I may also go and pay him homage.” But the magi were warned in a dream not to return to Herod, and so they left for their own country by another road” and ...
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What happened to the gifts that the wise men gave to Jesus?

One legend says the thieves crucified with Jesus had stolen the gold given him at birth. Another says that Judas was made custodian of the gifts and he sold them and pocketed the money. There is a story that the myrrh given to Jesus as a child was used in his burial.
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What happened to Simon in the Bible?

He supposedly preached the Gospel in Egypt and then joined the apostle St. Judas (Thaddaeus) in Persia, where, according to the apocryphal Acts of Simon and Judas, he was martyred by being cut in half with a saw, one of his chief iconographic symbols (another being a book). According to St.
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How much did the cross weigh?

In 1870, French architect Charles Rohault de Fleury catalogued all known fragments of the true cross. He determined the Jesus cross weighed 165 pounds, was three or four meters high, with a cross beam two meters wide.
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What happened to Pilate?

According to some traditions, the Roman emperor Caligula ordered Pontius Pilate to death by execution or suicide. By other accounts, Pontius Pilate was sent into exile and committed suicide of his own accord. Some traditions assert that after he committed suicide, his body was thrown into the Tiber River.
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Did Jesus have any brothers?

Mark 6:3 tells us that Jesus had four younger brothers and at least two sisters, the children of Mary and Joseph. The sisters' names have not been preserved, but the brothers were called James (in the Hebrew, Jacob), Joses (in the Hebrew, Joseph, after his father), Simon, and Judas or Juda (also known as Jude).
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What nationality were the people of Cyrene?

Cyrene, ancient Greek colony in Libya, founded c. 631 bc by a group of emigrants from the island of Thera in the Aegean. Their leader, Battus, became the first king, founding the dynasty of the Battiads, whose members, named alternately Battus and Arcesilaus, ruled Cyrene for eight generations (until c.
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Why is Cyrene significant?

A colony of the Greeks of Thera, Cyrene was one of the principal cities in the Hellenic world. It was Romanized and remained a great capital until the earthquake of 365. A thousand years of history is written into its ruins, which have been famous since the 18th century.
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What did the Greeks call North Africa?

Berbers succeeded in obtaining control of much of Carthage's North African territory, and they minted coins bearing the name Libyan, used in Greek to describe natives of North Africa.
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Who lived in Cyprus first?

The first undisputed settlement occurred in the 9th (or perhaps 10th) millennium BC from the Levant. The first settlers were agriculturalists of the so-called PPNB (pre-pottery Neolithic B) era, but did not yet produce pottery (aceramic Neolithic).
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