When should you sedate a patient?

Sedative medications are commonly prescribed within the ICU environment primarily for the treatment of agitation and anxiety, which themselves may be caused by many different conditions (eg, dyspnea, delirium, mechanical ventilation, lack of sleep, and untreated pain).
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Why would a patient be sedated?

Traditionally, patients who were mechanically ventilated in the ICU were kept deeply sedated with continuous depressant infusions to maximize ventilator synchrony and decrease discomfort that may arise during critical illness.
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What procedures do you need to be sedated for?

Some of the tests and procedures that conscious sedation may be used for are:
  • Breast biopsy.
  • Dental prosthetic or reconstructive surgery.
  • Minor bone fracture repair.
  • Minor foot surgery.
  • Minor skin surgery.
  • Plastic or reconstructive surgery.
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Why do they sedate you in ICU?

Someone in an ICU will often be on painkilling medicine and medicine that makes them drowsy (sedatives). This is because some of the equipment used can be uncomfortable.
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Are you always sedated when on a ventilator?

Typically, most patients on a ventilator are somewhere between awake and lightly sedated. However, Dr. Ferrante notes that ARDS patients in the ICU with COVID-19 may need more heavy sedation so they can protect their lungs, allowing them to heal.
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Sedation in ICU Patients (Part 1) - ICU Drips

Can someone sedated on a ventilator hear you?

This will depend on how much sedation they have been given or any injury to their brain that they may have. If they can hear you, they are unable to speak if they have a breathing tube in their mouth. We know from asking awake patients that they remember things that were said to them when they were sedated.
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Is sedation safer than general anesthesia?

IV sedation does cause partial memory loss, and patients will not remember any of their procedure. Recovery is fast and patients will be back to their routine quickly. IV sedation is a safer option compared to general anesthesia.
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What's the difference between general anesthesia and sedation?

Deep sedation: The patient is nearly unconscious and only has purposeful response to repeated and painful stimulation. The patient may need assistance with breathing, but cardiovascular function is usually unimpaired. General anesthesia: The patient is completely unconscious and does not respond to any level of pain.
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What are the 4 levels of sedation?

Procedural Sedation - Levels of Sedation
  • Minimal Sedation. A drug-induced state during which patients respond normally to verbal commands, and respiratory and cardiovascular function is unaffected. ...
  • Moderate Sedation/ Conscious Sedation. ...
  • Deep Sedation. ...
  • General Anesthesia.
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Is sedation the same as a coma?

While a medically induced coma puts a patient in a very deep unconscious state, sedation puts a patient in a semi-conscious state. Sedation is often given to allow a patient to be comfortable during a surgical or medical procedure and is administered through an intravenous catheter (IV), with minimal side effects.
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How long can a person be sedated in ICU?

For those with COVID-19, sedation periods can last several weeks, much longer than those recovering from an operation or for someone with pneumonia in an intensive care unit (ICU).
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What sedation is used in ICU?

Sedatives that are commonly used in the ICU are the benzodiazepines midazolam and lorazepam (and to a lesser extent, diazepam), the short-acting intravenous anesthetic agent propofol, and dexmedetomidine. Remifentanil, an opioid, is also used as a sole agent because of its sedative effects.
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Does sedation lower oxygen levels?

CONCLUSIONS. Sleep induced by propofol, midazolam, or thiopentone to a clinically maximal desirable level in spontaneously breathing patients reduced VO2 by 10% to 15%. This level of sedation did not induce a relevant change in P(et)CO2 or SaO2.
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Does sedation lower heart rate?

Effects of sedation or anesthesia on heart rate

Deep sedation caused approximately 5% decrease in heart rate (p = NS). However, general anesthesia caused a highly significant 24% drop in heart rate, compared to mild conscious sedation.
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Can sedated patients feel pain?

Conclusion: Being intubated can be painful and traumatic despite administration of sedatives and analgesics. Sedation may mask uncontrolled pain for intubated patients and prevent them from communicating this condition to a nurse.
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Which is better sedation or local anesthesia?

Sedation is commonly referred to as monitored anesthesia care. It is recommended by your dentist when they think your procedure requires an additional agent to make you more comfortable, in addition to local anesthesia. It will help you to be more comfortable and relaxed for your oral surgery.
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Does sedation mean put to sleep?

Sedation, often referred to as “twilight sedation”, involves administering drugs that make a patient sleepy, relaxed and unfocused. While you are not forced unconscious like with general anesthesia, you may naturally fall asleep due to drowsiness.
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How does it feel to be sedated?

Sedation effects differ from person to person. The most common feelings are drowsiness and relaxation. Once the sedative takes effect, negative emotions, stress, or anxiety may also gradually disappear. You may feel a tingling sensation throughout your body, especially in your arms, legs, hands, and feet.
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Is IV sedation harmful?

The biggest risks of IV sedation are the same for all forms of sedation. Because sedation relaxes the body, there's a risk that it could depress the respiratory systems. But keep in mind that you'll be monitored the entire time. And among sedation options, IV sedation is one of the most predictable.
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How long does sedation last?

How Long Does IV Sedation Last? IV sedation works quickly, with most people falling asleep in roughly 15 to 30 minutes after it's been administered. Once the IV sedation is removed, you will begin to wake up in about 20 minutes and be fully recovered from all sedative effects within six hours.
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How safe is sedation?

Procedural sedation is a fairly safe practice. Your own risks may differ somewhat. They are based on your age and any other medical conditions you may have. They also depend on the type of sedation you are given.
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How long does it take to wake up from sedation in ICU?

Median time to regaining consciousness after discontinuation of sedation was 4 days (interquartile range 3–5 days), which was 2 days after head CT was obtained.
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When sedated Can the patient hear?

Nursing and other medical staff usually talk to sedated people and tell them what is happening as they may be able to hear even if they can't respond. Some people had only vague memories whilst under sedation. They'd heard voices but couldn't remember the conversations or the people involved.
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What are the chances of survival after being on a ventilator?

On the ventilator

Your risk of death is usually 50/50 after you're intubated. When we place a breathing tube into someone with COVID pneumonia, it might be the last time they're awake. To keep the patient alive and hopefully give them a chance to recover, we have to try it.
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Does sedation lower blood pressure?

Sedation may slow your breathing and the nurse may give you oxygen. Your blood pressure may be affected and you may get IV fluids to stabilize your blood pressure. Because sedation effects may linger, you may have a headache, nausea, and feel sleepy for several hours.
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