Do laws apply in international waters?

Generally speaking, the law of the sea stipulates that maritime countries essentially control their territorial waters from the shore out to a distance of 12 miles (19.3 km), the “12-mile limit.” Within this zone, all laws of that country apply: the country can build, extract natural resources, and either encourage or ...
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Is crime legal in international waters?

So, no one can get away with crimes committed on the high seas, nor can you hide out on any rock or island on international waters, if you're an American fugitive. If you have any legal questions on maritime law, feel free to chat online with a maritime law attorney.
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Do US laws apply in international waters?

The laws of that country apply to any vessel, regardless of where it is registered while navigating on these waters. For instance, when a ship is docked in the Port of New York, all New York and U.S. laws apply to the vessel, its crew, and its passengers.
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What law governs international waters?

International waters agreements

1982 United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea (United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea, United Nations; especially parts XII–XIV).
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What can you get away with in international waters?

Here are 8 things that people routinely get away with out on international waters:
  • Water pollution. I was shocked when I learned about this. ...
  • Air pollution. ...
  • Kidnapping/raiding. ...
  • Labor exploitation. ...
  • Slavery. ...
  • Murder. ...
  • Resource exploitation. ...
  • Avoiding debts.
View complete answer on globalcitizen.org


What Law Applies In International Waters?



Can you claim an island in international waters?

Islands In International Waters

If I'm correct, if a piece of land is unclaimed, or you build your own artificial island in international waters, you can claim it as your own - if its outside a countries borders, you can even found your own nation.
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Can I live in international waters?

You Can Live On A Yacht In International Waters

It is entirely possible for you to live on a yacht in international waters, free of many of the restrictions and requirements of an individual country.
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Is piracy legal in international waters?

Piracy on the high seas

Violent acts against ships in the territorial sea of any State cannot be piracy under international law. Violent acts in the territorial sea are armed robbery under the law of the International Maritime Organization.
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Can you carry a gun on a boat in international waters?

In international waters, defined as at least 24 miles away from any coast, the ship is bound by the laws of the country of registry and therefor the flag it is flying. In other words if you are on the open ocean, flying a US Flag, you can have any firearm on board that is legal under federal law.
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Can the US Coast Guard board you in international waters?

The Coast Guard may board any vessel subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, whether on the high seas, or on waters over which the United States has jurisdiction, to make inquiries, examinations, inspections, searches, seizures, and arrests for the prevention, detection, and suppression of violations of U.S. ...
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How are laws enforced in international waters?

Generally speaking, the law of the sea stipulates that maritime countries essentially control their territorial waters from the shore out to a distance of 12 miles (19.3 km), the “12-mile limit.” Within this zone, all laws of that country apply: the country can build, extract natural resources, and either encourage or ...
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Does anyone own international waters?

No nation 'owns' these waters. They generally extend about 200 nautical miles from the shore of a country, and are broken into different sections in which the particular country has various rights.
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Is America under maritime law?

Maritime law used to apply only to American waters within the ebb and flow of the tide. However, it now covers any waters navigable within the United States for interstate or foreign commerce.
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What happens if you commit a crime in Antarctica?

Under the 1959 Antarctic Treaty, ratified by 53 nations, persons accused of a crime in Antarctica are subject to punishment by their own country.
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Are there any laws in Antarctica?

While there are no "laws" as we traditionally know them, there is a treaty and many international agreements in place between the cooperating nations of Antarctica. In reality, the international scientific community governs Antarctica because those are the people who work and operate on the continent.
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Are there laws on cruise ships?

Law on a cruise ship (or any other ship) starts with the flag the ship is flying under. A ship flies the flag of the country where it's registered, and, in general, the laws onboard a ship are the laws of that country.
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Why can't ships shoot at pirates?

Cargo ships don't carry weapons because it is feared this would increase the likelihood of crew members getting killed or injured. Anti-piracy tactics tend to focus on preventing pirates boarding in the first place.
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Do you need a passport in international waters?

The law specifies that boaters do not technically need to carry a passport unless they have docked or gone ashore in another country, but the US Coast Guard has been known to ask sailors to present a passport when they come in from international waters, since the boat may or may not have landed in another nation.
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Can private yachts have weapons?

“You can take them to a firing range. You can't shoot up, but you can shoot straight out and crew can get an idea what it's like.” Traveling with a gun onboard a yacht requires captains to decide how they will handle compliance with laws and regulations that vary by state and country.
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Can I legally become a pirate?

Fulfill your PE requirements with archery, fencing, sailing, and shooting guns, and you'll get an official "Pirate Certificate." Historically, it seems pirates are identified by their peg legs, eyepatches, and hooks for hands.
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Can you legally be a pirate?

18 U.S. Code section 1652: Citizens as pirates: This statute specifies that any U.S. citizen who commits robbery, murder, or any act of hostility against the U.S. or its citizens while on the high seas under color of a commission from a foreign state or under pretense of authority can still be considered a pirate and ...
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Are pirates real in 2021?

In 2021, there was a decrease of pirate attacks against ships worldwide compared with the previous year. While 195 ships were attacked by pirates in 2020, the number of ships attacked dropped to 132 in 2021.
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Do I pay tax if I live at sea?

Vast numbers of people working at sea, presume they do not owe tax or need not declare their income as they do not reside in a particular country. Whilst there may be no tax to be paid with regard to your income from employment at sea, more often than not HMRC will still expect to receive a declaration of this income.
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Do I pay taxes in international waters?

The tax court ruled that income earned in international water could not be excluded using the foreign earned income exclusion. Further, if you consider foreign tax credit, income needs to be sourced to a foreign country.
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Do you pay tax if you live on a boat?

Yes, you still have to pay taxes when you reside on a liveaboard boat. However, there are ways to minimize your tax bill as well as multiple tax advantages of living on a boat.
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